Prediabetes occurs when your blood sugar level is higher than normal, but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. Prediabetes increases your risk for developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.
People who develop type 2 diabetes almost always first have prediabetes. Without lifestyle changes to improve their health, 15% to 30% of people with prediabetes will develop type 2 diabetes within five years.
Risk factors for prediabetes include:
• Age, especially after 45 years of age
• Being overweight or obese
• Being physically inactive
• Having an African American, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, Asian American, or Pacific Islander racial or ethnic background
• A family history of diabetes
• A history of diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes)
• Having high blood pressure or taking medicine for high blood pressure
Are you at risk for prediabetes?
Find out by taking the American Diabetes Association’s type 2 diabetes risk test.
Have you been diagnosed with prediabetes?
Research shows that doing two things can help you prevent or delay the development of type 2 diabetes:
• Lose 5% to 7% of your body weight, which would be 10 to 14 pounds for a 200-pound person
• Get at least 150 minutes each week of physical activity, such as brisk walking
Sources: American Diabetes Association, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Learn more about prediabetes and tools that may help you to reduce your risk for developing type 2 diabetes: