About Diabetes: A Complex Disease
Diabetes is defined as an elevated blood sugar, but there are many causes of an elevated blood sugar. Diabetes is classified into different types, based on the various causes. The treatment will vary, depending on what is causing the problem. It is important to know what type of diabetes you have because your type of diabetes might need to be managed differently from someone else’s.
For those wishing to know more about this disease including treatment options, and how to self-manage your diabetes, please visit our Diabetes Education Online site.
There are a number of forms of diabetes that exist today:
Type 1 Diabetes: When the body loses the ability to make insulin or can only make a very small amount of insulin. Type 1 diabetes is usually caused by an autoimmune process, and your body's immune system mistakenly destroys the insulin-producing cells. About 10% of individuals with diabetes have type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes: Caused by a dual defect of resistance to the action of insulin combined with an inability to make enough insulin to overcome the resistance. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and represents 80% to 90% of diabetes worldwide.
Other Types of Diabetes: A miscellaneous category that includes unusual or rare inherited or acquired causes of diabetes. This represents the minority of people with diabetes.
Gestational Diabetes: Diabetes diagnosed during pregnancy.